Why do we celebrate Labor Day?

The United States had a huge increase in employment opportunities and trade throughout the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries.

What it didn't deliver were fair compensation, safety restrictions, or reasonable rules about how many hours should be worked each day and each week.

To put things in perspective, at the height of the Industrial Revolution, the typical American worked a 12-hour day, seven days a week.

Additionally, it wasn't unusual to see young children performing difficult labor under demanding circumstances for meager remuneration.

However, these deplorable conditions were discovered. American employees' rights to fair compensation, reasonable working hours, and secure working conditions were gradually upheld through the formation of labor unions.

Some organized protests and strikes occasionally became violent.

It was at this euphoric period that the concept of Labor Day was born.

The day was intended to be a day of well-deserved appreciation for the sacrifices made by American employees to our nation.

The first Labor Day parade was staged on September 5, 1882, in New York City. The Central Labor Union of New York sponsored a march to honor union labor and demonstrate support for all unions.

Over 10,000 union members skipped work to participate in the march from City Hall to Union Square.

Although several states observed the holiday in the 1880s, it wasn't declared a federal holiday until June 1894, when President Grover Cleveland signed legislation making it one.

During the Pullman Strike, a train employees' protest about lower pay and the refusal to lower rent in their neighborhood, President Cleveland approved the measure.

The strike, which began in Chicago and swiftly spread nationally, resulted in fatal clashes between demonstrators and the National Guard in Chicago in July 1894.

You could now be wondering, "Who invented Labor Day?" The fact is that it might be either Matthew Maguire, secretary of the Central Labor Union of New York, or Peter J. McGuire, co-founder of the American Federation of Labor.